What is metal recycling?


Metal recycling plays an important role in environmental health and the production of metallic materials in countries. Local areas, including the environment and residential areas of a country, are protected from discarded waste, a huge workforce is kept employed and income generated, and energy is regularly stored through the support of the metal recycling industry. All of this is one of the effects of this industry, which reminds us of its importance.


Ordering a waste shredder (the best way to recycle and reduce volume)


How to recycle metals

Reuse of minerals in the form of excess metals and waste can not only help prevent physical loss to the environment, but also reduce waste, eliminating the need for production operations to replace and extract new materials. But in the following we want to say how to recycle different metals.

If you have a collection of precious metals available, you have several options:

  • Many metals must be transported to a suitable metal recycling center that determines their ability to recycle or dispose of the material properly.
  • On the other hand, you can take your metals to a waste disposal center or scrap dealership that accepts a variety of materials for recycling.
  • For metals such as aluminum cans or tin, there may be a collection plan in your area.
  • Many institutions like this pay a certain amount of money for your recyclable scrap. The most commonly received metals are aluminum, brass, copper, iron and steel. Each metal is unique in its kind and requires a special recycling process and its own recycling method.
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recycle metals

What kind of scrap do you have?

Metals are generally divided into two groups: aluminum and steel. The type of scrap you have will make a big difference in terms of payment. Therefore, it is important to correctly identify your existing items. The easiest way to achieve this goal is to use magnets, which are used in the iron metal recycling industry.

  • If the magnet sticks to your metal and gravity is felt between the two, it is probably a ferrous metal like steel or iron.
  • If the magnet does not absorb, then you have a non-ferrous metal such as copper, aluminum, bronze, brass or stainless steel.
  • The color, texture, and overall appearance of this metal can provide more clues as to the type of scrap metal you are dealing with.

Tin recycling

Tin cans can also be called (tin cans), because they are not made of 100% tin. Rather, this ratio is actually 5% tin to 95% steel, which makes the desired cans. Tin contains a thin layer on the outside of the can to prevent rust and damage.

To recycle these properly, metal recycling centers must make the cans (tin-free). They will do this by electrolysis, with a caustic chemical solution, to remove the outer layer of tin. In this process, tin is collected on a plate, then melted and turned into a metal ingot or mold.

Tin recycling

Steel recycling

Steel is one of the most common and widely used metals in the world, used in a variety of objects from cars to cabinets and more. Steel products are easily characterized by their magnetic properties and will be separated due to their tendency to rust.

To make the most of your revenue potential in steel recycling, it is best to trade the scrap in a relatively undamaged way. Aerosol spray cans should not be crushed, punctured or crushed, for example, but should be emptied of excessive pressure.

This process facilitates the recycling of metals, during which the steel (if necessary) is separated from the other components before being crushed, smoothed or crushed. Recycled steel is often used as a cost-effective structural material in the construction of vehicles such as cars, boats, etc.

Steel recycling

Aluminum recycling

Aluminum can be found in many places. It is also used in the construction of many objects such as doors, window frames and other items. Aluminum can be identified by its relative curvature as well as by its natural silvery white color, which is often coated with white.

When scrap aluminum is transported to a metal recycling center or scrap distributor, it is cut into small pieces before being sent for smelting. This is done by a process called crushing, during which any harmful compounds, gases or dust produced as a side effect will be reduced and removed using modern technology.

After melting scrap aluminum and pouring molten material into ingot molds or large sheets, the metal can be reused in various places, including in the foundry of a new machine or can.

Research has shown that recycling aluminum will require 95% less energy than producing aluminum from raw materials. Except for this, the common goal of aluminum as an alloy of copper, magnesium, zinc, iron, etc. would mean massive energy savings wherever recycled.

Aluminum recycling

Copper recycling

Most people measure the condition of copper by its color; Red when in good condition, dark brown when eroded, or greenish when corroded. Copper is one of the most colorful components used in the metal recycling industry.

Copper is often used in wiring. It is important that recycled copper is inspected and graded for quality and uniformity. High quality copper is selected for melting and recovery through a process called (fire refining). After this, the copper can be deoxidized and converted into ingots or billets.

Copper recycling offers several energy efficiency advantages, largely due to the status of the metal as a popular thermal conductor. Research has shown that the performance of copper will not change following the process of recycling copper metals. In other words, this metal will retain all its thermal and electrical conductivity properties after recycling. In general, copper is one of the most valuable metals collected and used for recycling and recycling.
In the table above, you can see how hot the materials are.

Copper recycling

What are the environmental benefits of metal recycling?

Use of scrap metal, often referred to as secondary raw materials; It means using less natural resources to produce new metals. The process of extracting raw materials from natural metal mines is expensive and costly. In addition, the materials available to humans, which are the mineral ores of metals, are very limited resources.

It is estimated that every year in a country like the United Kingdom, about two million cars die and have to enter the metal recycling industry. Until they are disposed of, they are also an environmental hazard in the same way as old vehicles because of possible toxins stored inside their materials.

Because of the abundance of scrap metal, it is important for humans to continue to recycle. These figures “in relation to the metal waste generated each year” are very impressive and can not really be ignored.

For example, compared to producing metals from intact materials, up to 95% less energy will be consumed in the scrap recycling process. According to EU research, the use of recycled metals reduces CO2 emissions by a staggering 200 million tonnes a year. While the use of recycled steel also reduces air pollution by about 86% and water pollution by about 76%.

In short, metal recycling will help protect the environment, reduce energy waste and support a vital workforce that is vital.

benefits of metal recycling

What is the cost per ton of scrap?

In many countries, scrap metal is usually purchased per kilogram or tonne. However, scrap sellers and the rates they pay are subject to global fluctuations in supply and demand in a specific market that can change on a daily basis. The price of scrap metal is typically high and has provided a source of income for many people in the metal recycling business.

However, we should know that prices can vary from city to city and also vary depending on the quality and type of metal intended for trade. Scrap metals that have the highest profits and most desirable prices include copper, aluminum, iron, brass, lead, and stainless steel.


Now, despite knowing all this, Phoenix Makran Gulf Company is active in the field of recycling by providing services such as production and sale of recycling machines and production and recycling of non-ferrous metals, and is one of the suitable options for your cooperation.

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